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  Job Description   The NBN Group is seeking experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nu Read More

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The NBN Group is looking for experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nurses for our cas Read More

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The NBN Group is looking for experienced Licensed Practical Nurses or Registered Nurses to care for  Read More

NBN Group is currently looking for experienced home care RN  for a pediatric client located in  Cent Read More

  Job Description   The NBN Group is seeking experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nu Read More

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Newborn Nurses a division of  The NBN Group is looking for a Visiting Registered Nurse (RN)  for the Read More

The NBN Group is looking for experienced Licensed Practical Nurses or Registered Nurses to care for  Read More

  Job Description   The NBN Group is seeking experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nu Read More

The NBN Group is seeking experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nurses to care for our Read More

The NBN Group is seeking experienced Registered Nurses  and Licensed Practical Nurses  to care for o Read More

The NBN Group is looking for experienced Licensed Practical Nurses or Registered Nurses to care for  Read More

  Job Description   The NBN Group is seeking experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nu Read More

The NBN Group is looking for experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nurses for our cas Read More

  Job Description   The NBN Group is seeking experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nu Read More

  Job Description   The NBN Group is seeking experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nu Read More

The NBN Group is looking for experienced Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nurses for our cas Read More

The NBN Group is seeking a full-time  Accounting Specialist   to join our team in our Cherry Hill, N Read More

  Administrative Assistant -Cherry Hill, NJ The NBN Group, is currently looking for an Administrativ Read More

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Nurses Day 2013

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Understanding Terms and Diagnosis

 

 

Accessible:

Usable to an individual with a disability Accommodation: An adjustment, alteration, or addition to an environment, a situation, or a piece of equipment, which enables a person with a disability to utilize it in a manner equivalent to that of a person without a disability

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS):

A defect of the immune system caused by the blood borne HIV virus, causing vulnerability to various infections, malignancies, and neurological diseases

Addiction:

Genetically and/or psychosocially impaired ability to control the use of a substance, preoccupation with the substance, distorted perceptions  about the substance, and continued use of the substance despite adverse consequences

Alzheimer’s Disease:

Brain disease of unknown cause in which nerve cells in the brain die, causing progressive, irreversible deterioration of memory and other intellectual functions, language skills, and ability to perform routine tasks

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS):

A progressive,degenerative disease of the motor neurons of the central nervous system, causing muscular weakness, atrophy, and spasticity. Ten percent of cases aregenetic, the other ninety percent are of unknown origin

Anorexia Nervosa

Eating disorder primarily characterized by an excessive, voluntary loss of weight and refusal to maintain minimal normal body weight

Area of Refuge:

Designated safe place for a person with a disability to await assistance during an emergency evacuation of a building or vessel

Arthritis:

Disease of the joints and connective tissues, which can have numerous causes, creating pain, swelling, and limited range of movement

Asperger’s Syndrome:

A pervasive developmental disorder in which the individual often has above average intellectual ability, but may experience ongoing difficulties with social interaction, empathy, logic, and understanding non-verbal cues.

Assistive Technology:

Equipment or services which increase, maintain, or improve the functional capability of an individual with a disability

Asthma:

Chronic respiratory disorder characterized by episodes of coughing, wheezing, and difficulty in breathing because of inflamed and obstructed bronchial tubes. Among the triggers are allergies, chemical irritation, and/or emotional stress

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD):

Neurological disorder characterized by distractibility, forgetfulness, inability to concentrate, poor attention span, and impulsiveness

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

Neurological disorder which has the same characteristics as Attention Deficit Disorder, but which also includes hyperactivity

Autism:

Neurological disorder of unknown origin which generally manifests before the age of 3. Social  and communication skills are impaired, and symptoms such as self-injury, aggression, voluntary repetitive body movements, intense attachment to objects, and sensory processing difficulties may be present

Autoimmune Disorder:

A variety of disorders which are the result of the body producing an inappropriate immune response against its own tissues. The causes are generally unknown, but symptoms can include episodic or chronic inflammation and pain, as well as tissue and/or organ damage

Bi-Polar Disorder:

A mental disorder which is characterized by alternations between manic and depressive moods with consequent changes in thinking and behavior. Commonly called Manic-Depression

Blind:

Legal blindness is regarded as visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with correction, or a field of vision no greater than 20 degrees at its widest point

Bulimia:

Eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating, followed by compulsive purging, usually through vomiting, consumption of laxatives, and/or excessive exercise

Celiac Sprue:

A genetic disorder which is characterized by an extreme sensitivity to gluten – the protein in some grains – which can produce damage to the small intestine. This damage can impair absorption of nutrients, resulting in malnutrition. The disease can be managed by a gluten-free diet

Cerebral Palsy:

Injury to the motor areas of the brain, at or prior to birth, resulting in a non-progressive impaired ability to control movement and posture

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:

Illness of uncertain cause characterized by fatigue, weakness, malaise, muscle pain, and lymph node swelling Congenital: A condition which is present at birth, but which has a non-hereditary cause Cognitive Disability: Impaired ability to think, concentrate, reason, and remember

Crohn’s Disease:

Condition of unknown origins, characterized by chronic painful inflammation of the intestinal tract

Cystic Fibrosis:

A hereditary disease which affects the respiratory system, pancreas, and sweat glands. It is characterized primarily by the excessive production of thick mucus, which results in chronic respiratory infections and impaired breathing

Deaf:

Hearing impairment severe enough to prevent, with or without amplification, the processing of linguistic information. Specifically, a hearing deficiency above 25 db ISO in the 500-2000 frequency Hz range unaided in the better ear

Developmental Disability:

Permanent cognitive and/or physical impairment, which occurs before the age of 22, and which substantially limits the individual in three or more major life activities

Diabetes:

Condition characterized by abnormal blood sugar levels resulting from impaired functioning of the pancreas

Disability:

A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity, such as walking, talking, seeing, hearing, caring for oneself, breathing, learning, or working.

Down Syndrome:

Congenital disorder caused by an extra 21st chromosome, which causes intellectual developmental disabilities and distinctive physical characteristics

Dwarfism:

Short stature, resulting from a genetic or medical condition. It is generally defined as an adult height of 4 feet ten inches or less. A common term for an individual with dwarfism is “little person”

Eating Disorder:

Psychological disorder characterized by a distorted body image and a dysfunctional relationship with

Emphysema:

Disease of the lungs, characterized primarily by labored and inefficient breathing, in which the air sacs (alveoli) become distended and therefore limited in their functioning

Epilepsy:

Chronic condition produced by temporary changes in the electrical functioning of the brain, characterized by recurrent brief episodes of convulsive movements, alterations in consciousness, and/or sensory phenomena

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder:

A preventable set of physical, craniofacial, mental, and neurobehavioral impairments associated with alcohol consumptionby the mother during pregnancy

Fibromyalgia:

Disease of unknown origin characterized by the persistent presence of non-physically damaging pain that moves throughout the muscles, joints, ligaments, and tendons of the body

Genetic Disorder:

A pathological condition resulting from a defective inherited gene

Hemiplegia:

Paralysis of one side of the body

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV):

Virus which can damage the immune system and lead to AIDS

Huntington’s Disease:

Genetic disease which causes a pre-programmed degeneration of brain cells. Initial symptoms, usually appearing in young to mid-adulthood, include mood swings, forgetfulness, and lack of coordination. They are followed by involuntary movements, deterioration of swallowing and speaking ability, and loss of cognitive ability

Intellectual Disability:

A developmental disability which is characterized by below-normal intellectual/ cognitive functioning, causing impairment in learning, social adjustment, maturation, and acquisition of life skills. Also known as Mental Retardation

Learning Disability:

A group of disorders which includes such conditions as dyslexia, developmental aphasia, perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and minimal brain dysfunction, which may disrupt the process of listening, speaking, reading, writing,
spelling, or doing mathematical calculations

Lupus:

Chronic, progressive disease of unknown cause, which is primarily characterized by scaling and ulceration of the skin. In about 10% of affected individuals, symptoms may also include inflammation of the joints and mucous membranes and disruption of kidney and nervous system function

Medigap:

Insurance which supplements Medicare benefits by paying some of the costs and covering some of the services not covered by Medicare Mental Retardation: Diagnostic term for an Intellectual Disability

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity:

Condition marked by a variety of symptoms, such as respiratory distress, migraines, nausea, fatigue, irritation of the mucous membranes and/or skin, cognitive difficulties, and/or disordered sleep. The onset generally occurs in response to a major or chronic chemical exposure, then broadens to include sensitivity to common chemicals and irritants found throughout the individual’s environment

Multiple Sclerosis:

Disease of the central nervous system which generally has its onset in young to mid-adulthood. Degradation of the sheaths of nerves causes relapses and remissions of weakness, pain, and/or numbness in the limbs, disrupted vision, and urinary tract dysfunction. It’s cause is unknown

Muscular Dystrophy:

Group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal or voluntary muscles which control movement

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder:

Psychological condition, which may have a neurological basis, characterized by repetitive ideas or impulses which may be unwanted, irrational, and performed against the person’s wishes

Paraplegia:

Paralysis of the legs and the lower trunk

Parkinson’s Disease:

Chronic disease of the central nervous system characterized by tremors, muscular weakness and rigidity, and an unsteady gait. Symptoms are caused by a deficiency of the brain chemical dopamine, but the cause of the deterioration of the dopamine-producing nerve cells is unknown

Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD):

Umbrella term for five neurological disorders – Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Rett’s Syndrome, and PDDNot Otherwise Specified, all of which impair social and communication skills

Post-Polio Syndrome:

Array of possible symptoms which occur in about 25% of individuals who have been infected with polio. These symptoms generally manifest 20 to 40 years after the onset of the infection and after a recovery period of at least 10 years, and may include muscle pain, weakness, tics, respiratory difficulties, disordered sleep, gastrointestinal and/or swallowing problems, neuropathy, arthritis, scoliosis, and osteoporosis

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder:

Psychological condition which develops in response to an overwhelmingly traumatic event which is generally outside the range of usual human experience. Symptoms can include flashbacks, fear of dying, rage, and panic attacks

Quadriplegia:

Paralysis of all four limbs and the trunk. Also called tetraplegia

Reasonable Accommodation:

Modification or adjustment to a job application process or work environment which allows a person with a disability to enjoy the same benefits and opportunities enjoyed by similarly situated people without disabilities

Reflexive Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD):

Chronic nerve disorder that generally has its onset in the body at the site of an injury, and which often spreads to other areas of the body. Characterized by burning pain, extreme sensitivity to touch, tissue swelling, and pathological changes in bone and skin

Schizophrenia:

Brain disease of unknown cause which typically has its onset in adolescence or young adulthood. Characterized by thought disorders, delusions, and hallucinations. An affected individual may experience excessive or lack of emotional expression, as well as paranoia and disrupted interpersonal Symptoms can in some cases be managed by medication and supportive counseling

Scleroderma:

Disease of unknown cause in which the dermis layer of the skin is replaced by collagen, causing toughness and discomfort. This process can also involve the heart, lungs, kidneys, and intestinal tract, interfering with the functioning of these organs

Self-Determination:

The entitlement of individuals with disabilities to control their own lives, pursue self-defined goals, and participate fully in society

Service Animal:

Animal trained to provide assistance to an individual with a disability

Sickle Cell Anemia:

A genetic disorder of the blood, characterized by red blood cells that assume an abnormal rigid sickle cell shape. This decreases the cells’ functionality, resulting in a variety of complications, such as anemia, pain, and frequent infections

Speech to Speech (STS):

Telephone relay service mandated by the Federal Communications Commission, which provides translation for individuals with speech disabilities. A communication assistant, specially trained to understand the speech of people with a wide variety of speech disabilities, listens to the speaker who has the speech disability and restates verbatim to a third party what that person has said

Spina Bifida:

Congenital condition caused by the failure of the spine to close properly during the first month of pregnancy. This may result in mobility impairment, bladder/bowel problems, and/or hydrocephalus

Spinal Cord Injury:

Damage to the spinal cord, which results in temporary or permanent loss of sensation, motor control, and/or bladder and bowel control

Stroke:

Sudden neurological impairment caused by a hemorrhage or blood clot in the brain. Temporary or permanent loss of vision, speech, mobility, and/or consciousness may result

Tourette Syndrome:

A disorder of the nervous system which may cause “tics,” which are repetitive involuntary movements and vocalizations. Tics can vary in severity, frequency, and type, and can be intensified by physiological and emotional stressors. Some individuals with this condition may also have other symptoms, such as obsessive compulsive disorder, anxiety disorder, and attention deficit disorder

Traumatic Brain Injury:

Injury to the brain which may impair cognitive or physical functioning, disturb behavior or moods, and/or produce an altered state of consciousness

Triplegia:

Paralysis of three limbs

Visually Impaired:

Vision which is no better than 20/70 with correction, but not worse than 20/200 with correction. To have less visual acuity than 20/200 with correction constitutes legal blindness